The dream of a Kurdistan state gathered Kurds between Iraq , Iran, Turkey and Syria, the .dream of Old accompanied by the Kurds since the draw political maps in the region after the First World War, this dream has remained in Kurds mind whenever they are. The circumstances and regional variables occasion with convinced that this dream collides with a wall- since its borders, geography and its sovereignty are effected.
“Today, with the repercussions of ” Arab Spring ” and dramatic developments in the region, Kurdistan has become entrenched day after day ,now Kurds are in front of a historic opportunity may not be repeated to achieve the old dream”
Accordingly, the keenness of Kurds state has been over the past decades to be acceptable nationalist slogans, in order to avoid a clash with the systems of these countries (Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria) especially as international interests was aimed mostly for the benefit of the relationship with these countries.
Mesud Barzani put forward the establishment of a Kurdish state in Washington at this time to a number of factors:-
The Kurds in Iraq, Syria and even in Turkey (PKK) are now ally of the United States and West generally force in the ongoing war against the Isis (Daash), and the United States can rely on them in this war to achieve their goals, at least they cannot fight a battle against Isis (Daash) without Peshmerga , those worrier (Peshmerga) who have proven their ability in fighting and defeating Isis on the ground , and they (the Kurds) are the link between Western security they needs them and look forward to bringing international recognition of their rights, although this raises many inquires in the historical relationship between the Iraqi Kurds and Washington, specifically experience Barzani the father (Mustafa Barzani).
The Kurdistan Region of Iraq practically managed to extend its control over what was prepared by the disputed areas with Baghdad, particularly Kirkuk, the oil-and gas-rich, and that such control painted geographic region borders and secured its financial resource position to dispense with Baghdad that were cut during the reign of Nuri al-Maliki the region’s share of budget and salaries of Kurdistan staff has stopped .
In Syria, there is a self Kurdish administration began to make their way with difficulty along the lines of what happened to the Kurdistan region of Iraq, the bottom line here, is that the track and field events on the ground began to paint a new geographical map is in favour of Kurdish identity.
Western and regional opening to the Kurdistan region of Iraq, The region and through its institutions parliament, government, army followed a pragmatic policy has succeeded in weaving relationships with America and Europe, and at the regional level with Turkey, Jordan and the Gulf states and to some extent with Iran.
Thanks to this policy, the region has become an important player in the regional equation and the Iraqi private and strong relations with the rest of the Kurdish forces in other parts make it an important factor in the ongoing regional events. Based on the above, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) sources talking about there are approval of twenty countries so far to recognize Kurdistan state if its declaration, and that efforts are under way in London, Washington and Paris to take out the declaration of a state effort to reality .
At the level of the legality of the claim Independence , the Kurds base their demand to a number of ethical, legal and political principles that provide for the right of peoples to self-determination and to identify policy options, the population of Kurds now are more than forty million live in the midst of three major ethnic groups (Arabs, Turks and Persians) are wondering how long they will remain without a national entity? A Barzani’s mouthpiece says that today the borders that was drawn by Sykes-Picot agreement has expired, now the new border is drawn by our blood.
Between four countries Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey where the Kurds exist they prevent the establishment of a Kurdish state in the region, these countries are claiming that the establishment of a Kurdish state in any part will affect the Kurdish issue in other parts in the form of claims Kurds will have a rights and access to demand the establishment of a unified national state which called the big Kurdistan.
These four countries are agreed to collaborate and fight Kurdish movements that has raised these demands, but with the transformation of the Kurds during the past two decades from a regional paper in the hands of one party or another to a regional player, and the explosion of the geography factor and the fall of the Sykes-Picot borders, and possession of more of the elements of power, There are convinced that the issue of establishing a Kurdish state has moved from a dreams and impossible to actually and real.
Turkey is in era of Recep Tayyip Erdogan has more openness on the Kurds, but its relations with Kurdistan region of Iraq reached to a partnership and strategic level, and during the last period it shows more recognition reality of Kurdish. Turkey It may be one of the first countries to recognize the Kurdish state, especially if they will contribute to finding a solution to their Kurdish minority in Turkey.
If Iran declares its refusal to establish a Kurdish state under the pretext of preserving the unity of Iraq, well many of Arab countries, especially Jordan and Gulf countries, like Kuwait and UAE show more openness to Kurdistan region of Iraq, and perhaps this can be seen through mutual visits and positive statements, particularly statements of Jordanian King Abdullah II on the rights of Kurds.
In addition to these regional positions, Israel seems to be the most enthusiastic for establishment of a Kurdistan state , as they already announced their support for Kurdistan independence , and there is a talk that Israeli trying their best effort to pressure the United States and push the matters towards action .
President Barzani has repeatedly alluded to the possibility of Kurdistan independence, sometimes self-determination name, and the other to impossibility of coexistence with Baghdad because of the accumulation of chronic differences with it , which moved from the era of the reign of al-Maliki to Haider al-Abadi.
The primary factor that concern Barzani at this stage, is timing of the declaration of a Kurdish state, The President Mesud Barzani who belongs to the family that carried the banner of the Kurdish national over the past century and he aspires to be in the history as the first Kurdish leader succeed in realizing the dream of an independent. It will be several options for independence, ranging from southern Sudan experience that have been achieved without bloodshed, or the experience of Palestine in the United Nations.
The facts indicate that he is seriously considering the first option, in particular that it formed a special committee to hold a referendum on the fate of the region along the lines of what happened in southern Sudan, but regardless of these options, it is believed that the key to a Kurdish state is in Washington, because of its large influence in Kurdistan region , and for its role on the world stage and its impact on the decisions of countries, and its influence in international organizations, and hence its ability to ensure the success of any decision or thwarted.
To persuade USA and get approval to declare a Kurdish state Barzani succeeded in establishing a good relations with USA’s administration. He has met for the third time in the White House during the past few years and under the Kurdistan flag, was the formation of a joint committee for cooperation between the two sides task is to study ongoing in the Kurdistan region, the situation and formulate policies common, but Barzani realize that this American openness did not end up dealing with the Kurdish issue as a matter of people demanding independence as far as is part of the USA strategy towards the region and the location of Kurdistan in this strategy.
In fact, the two sides differ in their accounts of USA strategy, their administration has a strong interests with countries that resides on the territory of the Kurds, especially Turkey, which constitute a historical ally of America, and interests with them exceed the benefits of the relationship with the Kurds. But Barzani also aware that the US strategy is based on a new vision for the form of the State in Iraq, a vision that practically launched by USA Vice President Joe Biden and based on the division of Iraq into three regions is a three countries closer to the Confederation of federal system currently in place.
The recent draft resolution before the Congress, which provides to support Peshmerga and the Sunni tribes in isolation from the consent of the Iraqi government is an important point that American recognition of the independence of Kurdistan region.
Barzani’s visit at this time stems from the conviction that the USA administration is now prepared more than ever to recognize Kurdistan state, and at the very least, put discuss the fate of Kurdistan on the White House table.