The rock has been flying through the Milky Way for hundreds of millions of years, Scientists have seen the first alien object flying through own our solar system.
The strange, long, red rock has been wandering between the Milky Way for hundreds of million years, failing to become attached to any star system. It then flew through our own, letting scientists have a look at the first alien, interstellar object they’ve ever seen.
“For decades we’ve theorized that such interstellar objects are out there, and now – for the first time – we have direct evidence they exist,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. “This history-making discovery is opening a new window to study formation of solar systems beyond our own.”
A telescope in Hawaii designed to spot Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) picked up the asteroid on October 19 as a faint point of light moving across the sky.
Further observations followed and orbital calculations showed beyond doubt that the object originated from outside the solar system.
Moving at 95,000 kilometres per hour (59,030 mph), Oumuamua was at first thought to have travelled from the bright star Vega, 25 light years away in the northern constellation of Lyra.
But Vega was not even close to its present position 300,000 years ago, when its journey would have started.
That has led scientists to speculate that the asteroid is an interstellar wanderer that has stumbled across our solar system.
Dr Karen Meech, from the Institute for Astronomy in Hawaii, said: “Oumuamua may well have been wandering through the Milky Way, unattached to any star system, for hundreds of millions of years before its chance encounter with the solar system.”
Observations using different telescopes showed that the asteroid’s brightness varied dramatically by a factor of 10 as it span on its axis every 7.3 hours.
“This unusually large variation in brightness means that the object is highly elongated: about 10 times as long as it is wide, with a complex, convoluted shape,” said Dr Meech.
“We also found that it has a dark red colour, similar to objects in the outer solar system, and confirmed that it is completely inert, without the faintest hint of dust around it.”
The asteroid’s properties suggest it could have a high metal content and lacks significant amounts of water or ice. Its surface has been darkened and reddened by the impact of cosmic rays over millions of years.
Astronomers estimate that interstellar asteroids pass through the inner solar system about once a year, but they are faint and hard to spot.
Oumuamua was discovered by the 1.8 metre Pan-STARR telescope in Hawaii, which is part of a system set up to track potentially threatening NEOs.
Other telescopes including the European Southern Observatory (ESO) Very Large Telescope in Chile were quickly deployed to study the object in more detail.
Speed was vital with Oumuamua fading rapidly as it headed away from the sun and back out of the solar system, the scientists reported in the journal Nature.
Dr Olivier Hainaut, from the ESO in Garching, Germany, said: “We are continuing to observe this unique object, and we hope to more accurately pin down where it came from and where it is going next on its tour of the galaxy.”
Additional reporting by agencies