Erbil, Oct. 30, (The New Mail), The city of Mosul, a small castle originated in ancient times on the right shore of the Tigris River, in a place which is now known as Bmahlh castle, this camp is known in Syriac as the “bulwark Abrja”, i.e. the fort Alabbora. The fort was expanded in the Islamic era, and Mosul, now, is the crossing point for every passerby, and the link between Mesopotamia and its surroundings.
The Situation of Mosul and the combination of its citizens is very complicated. Most of the city’s population consists of Sunni Arab, in addition to the existence of Kurds in the city. They all inhabit the eastern side of the city, or the so-called left coast.
The other religions and sects like Turkmen Muslims, Christians, Sabean Mandaeans, Yazidi and Shabak make a small percentage that does not exceed 5% of the total population of Mosul. All of these denominations have damaged when ISIS took control of the city in 2014.
The minorities of Mosul are frightened to return home even after the liberation of the city. They ask for international guarantees to ensure their safety and the total freedom to practice their traditions and rituals, for ISIS has terrorized all sects and other religions and announced them as apostates. ISIS claims to be ruling in the name of Islam.
It is because of the heinous crimes that ISIS committed against all religions and sects in Mosul that made the whole world afraid of the name of Islam.
More than that, those in charge of the battle of liberating Mosul knows that the big problem is not liberation of the city, for the battle was very well prepared for months ago with the assistance of the International Alliance. It is the most important battle in the modern history. It is the decisive battle, so naturally, the world eyes will be looking at the city. However, what is more important than liberating Mosul is what comes after the liberation?
The problem that we will encounter after Mosul liberation is how to reach a mutual consent between the many parties in Iraq, each demanding its share of the city, some of them demands his share for being involved in the liberation battle, others calls for the rights of minorities, hoping to annex some of the territories of Mosul to the territory of his own rule, and others do not hide their old longing in Mosul.
The question now is how to compromise between all of those parties? And what agreements did they make behind closed doors? Did any of their agreements included compensation specifically to the displaced and all people harmed by ISIS? Did any of their laughter sessions touched upon plans to help people escaping from Mosul during the battle? Did they discuss ways to reduce the enormous human and material losses that had Iraq decades backwards.
The problems above were definitely not discussed. The fact that everyone wants to hit a great political progress for the benefit of their parties and sects, and not for the benefit of the Iraqi people who are tired and sick of their ongoing conflicts and fights.
Iraq desperately needs real community reconciliation and not a formal conferences and friendly political sessions. The battle of Mosul will serve as a difficult test for all politicians and decision-makers in Iraq. It represents the last exam of coexistence in Iraq.
We all expected Mosul to be hell. In the years after the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, the city had become an epicenter for the al Qaeda and Sunni insurgency. Former Baathists and military commanders lived in the province of Nineveh. The Kurds also had a foothold in the city; after Saddam’s fall they came to dominate the security forces and local government.
But how Mosul was lost, and who gave the order to abandon the fight, have, until now, been unclear. There has been no official version: only soldiers’ stories of mass desertions and claims by infantry troops that they followed orders to flee.
Maliki accused unnamed regional countries, commanders and rival politicians of plotting the fall of Mosul, but has since remained quiet.
By: Mustafa Al-Hadithi