Mustafa Barzani spiritual father of the Kurdish nation

The New Mail, 1/3 2016 Mustafa Barzani spiritual father of the Kurdish nation  Mullah Mustafa Barzani (1903 – 1979) The Kurdish leader from South Kurdistan in northern Iraq, was born in 14th  March 1903 in a prominent area, featuring his older brother Ahmed Barzani  the leadership of the revolutionary movement of the Kurdish who claimed  national rights for Kurds.

Mustafa Barzani spiritual father of the Kurdish nation
Mustafa Barzani spiritual father of the Kurdish nation(1903-1979) Wikipedia photo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

But this movement put down  by the royal power in Iraq, and the British  occupier they used for the first time in the history a chemical weapons against the areas dominated by the Kurdish rebels.In 1935, Mustafa Barzani was exiled to the city of Sulaymaniyah with his brother Sheikh Ahmed AL Barzani.

In 1942 the leader  Mustafa Barzani escaped from exile area to begin his second revolutionary, in Iran with the support of the Soviet Union. Establishing the first Kurdish republic in Mahabad region  1945 in Iran, Mullah Mustafa Barzani has served as head of the Army Staff of the Republic of Mahabad, it lasted only for a short period  11-month only , then collapsed by the Iranian government after the withdrawal of Soviet troops from northern Iran, major powers was stationed in southern Iran, under  the pressure the Soviet forces had entered Iranian territory during World war II.

After the collapse of the nascent Kurdish state in Mahabad, Barzani went to the Soviet Union with 500 armed Peshmergah on foot passed by rugged mountain in Iran and Turkey, where they faced many obstacles on their way down to the Azerbaijani Soviet border temporarily and stayed there for ten years.

Mustafa Barzani with Abd al-Karim Qasim 1958.Wikipedia photo
Mustafa Barzani with Abd al-Karim Qasim 1958.Wikipedia photo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1958 with the declaration of Republic of Iraq ,the Iraqi leader Abdul Karim Qassim called Barzani to return to Iraq and began discussions on the Kurds to give some nationalist demands, but the demands of Barzani and the Kurdish nation did not match what was the intention of President Abdul Karim Qasim, the revolution and conflict began again where Abdul Karim Qassem has led a military campaign against a strongholds of Barzani and Peshmargah  in 1961 .

When Abdul Salam Aref ruled Iraq, he  agreed with a number of Kurdish leaders (political and military) members, including Barzani on a comprehensive solution to the Kurdish issue, as announced in April and May 1964 agreement, which included granting the Kurds cultural a rights and contribute to the governance and some certain other rights. But some  current Arab national was able to sneak into power and blow up the entire agreement and continued to state their proceedings repression of the Kurdish people.  This led to renew the armed conflict between Kurds and Iraqi regime, and the Kurdish issue has been roiling Baghdad’s  government then they decided to  haunt Barzani.

Saddam Hussein and Mustafa Barzani meeting on 10 March 1970, before the signing of the Iraqi-Kurdish Autonomy Agreement of 1970 on 11 March.
Saddam Hussein and Mustafa Barzani meeting on 10 March 1970, before the signing of the Iraqi-Kurdish Autonomy Agreement of 1970 on 11 March. Wikipedia photo.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After nine years of war between the Kurds and Iraqi government , led by Barzani, the Iraqi government was forced to agree with Barzani in the agreement of autonomy for the Kurds in 1970, which did not last long because of the leadership of the Baath party autonomy agreement coup in 1974 and the signing of an agreement with the Shah of Iran under the waiver Iraq Shatt al-Arab and Al Ahwaz compared to halt Iran for providing military and logistical support for Kurdish rebels, the Barzani was supported by Iranian King Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who cut off his support for Barzani on the aftermath of the present Convention Algiers agreement signed between Iran and Iraq in Algerian ,and the US initiative was a patron and Algerian Foreign Minister Abdelaziz Bouteflika.

Borders of Shatt al-Arab between Iraq and Iran Signed6 March 1975. Wikipedia photo.
Borders of Shatt al-Arab between Iraq and Iran
Signed 6 March 1975. Wikipedia photo.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barzani has left Kurdistan for some health issue toward the United States of America for the treatment , and he died there on 1st March   1979 at George Washington Hospital after a long illness.

MUSTAFA BARZANÎ - 1903 - 1979 www.saradistribution. Father & Son Mustafa & Masoud Barzani, short before the death 1979, in US
MUSTAFA BARZANÎ – 1903 – 1979
www.saradistribution
Father & Son Mustafa & Masoud Barzani, short before the death 1979, in USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mustafa Barzani’s famous words:

‘’ I’m not the  president of anyone, and don’t want to be a president.

But I would like to be your brother to serve you; you can be brothers too and back me up,

then we all can be a son of this nation and serve it’’

‘’The students are the spearhead in every revolution and every uprising’’. ‘’ If patriotism is a charge, then I am a biggest accused’’.

The sanctity of March for Kurds.

March is  the historical month of a great epics through the ages, Kurdish and followed over the modern times also  these  epics are between the tragic and exhilarating.

Kurds around the world celebrating the New Kurdish year "NEWROZ'. Photo: UKS
Kurds around the world celebrating the New Kurdish year “NEWROZ’. Photo: UKS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 1st 1979 the spiritual father and the eternal leader Mullah Mustafa Barzani  has died in America at Georgetown Hospital and was buried in the village of Henw Kurdistan of Iran .

March 2nd  1970 Immortal Mullah Mustafa Barzani and Hassan Al Bakir signed an agreement autonomy for Kurdistan .

March 3rd  1937 the Dersim revolt led by Seyed Reza .

March 5th 1992 The body of immortals Mullah Mustafa Barzani and his son  martyr Idris barzan return from Iran to Barzan cemetery hometown .

March 6th  1991 uprising led by the Kurdish leader Masud Barzani  against  Iraqi government.

March 7th  1921  Sheikh Saeed Alberana revolution.

March 8th 1921  Nurri  Dirsm revolution .

March 11th  1970 The Convention on the autonomy of the Iraqi Kurds under the statement of March 11 between the leadership of  Kurdish revolution and Iraqi Government  led by the Leader Mustafa Barzani.

March 12th  1970 Mohammad Mehdi Al Jewahry submitted  a report to Hassan Al Bakr Iraqi president   to obtain Kurdish rights.

March 12th  2004 Qamishli events then Kurds had a group of martyrs.

March 13th 1949 Immorta Barzani has met the  Russian general in Attashguen city.

March 14th  1903  Birth of the immortal leader Mullah Mustafa Barzani, in Barzan village.

March 15th  1932 beginning of Mullah Mustafa Barzani’s  revolution.

16th,17th and 18th  March 1988 Iraqi Baathist regime has led an airstrike on Kurdistan, bombed Halabja, Khurmal and Dujailah town by chemical weapons and killed more than 5000 civilians of Kurdish nation.

March 21st  612 BC The  victory of a Kurdish leader (Ki Okhosar) on the Assyrian empire. In this day

A Kurdish man called Kaway Asinger(Iron man )   upraised the revolution  against Aldhak  the Persian King , Kawa killed This  oppressor  king in 21st of March, this day became Kurdish New Year ,and it called Newroz mean (new day).

March 31, 1947 the execution of Qazi  Mohammed and some of his comrades after the collapse of the first Kurdish Republic of Mahabad Republic announced in eastern Kurdistan, named after the Mahabad Republic in relation to the Kurdish city of Mahabad, which lasted nearly eleven months ended plot Soviet-Iranian, to be executed afterQazi Mohammed President of the Republic in 1947 in the yard General in the city of Mahabad.

By Bahdin Sevo Sindi 

The New Mail