Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn is to become the vice-president of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).
It comes despite the party’s policy to support renewing the Trident nuclear weapons system remaining unchanged at the recent Labour conference.
Mr Corbyn was also criticised by many of his MPs for saying he would never use nuclear weapons if he became PM.
However, CND said Mr Corbyn was stepping down as its vice-chairman because of his “increased workload”.
Mr Corbyn joined the organisation as a teenager in 1966 and has long campaigned against the replacement of Trident.
But many Labour MPs, including the party’s new shadow defence secretary Maria Eagle, have openly disagreed with Mr Corbyn’s views on nuclear weapons.
BBC political correspondent Carole Walker said his new role at CND was likely to increase tensions within his party over the issue.
“Privately some are deeply concerned at the uncertainty over Labour’s position on such a key issue,” she added.
- Currently, the government is spending about 6% of its annual defence budget on Trident, the Ministry of Defence has confirmed
- Trident was acquired by the Thatcher government in the early 1980s as a replacement for the Polaris missile system which the UK had possessed since the 1960s
- Trident is reported to have a potential destructive power eight times that of the first atomic bomb, which is estimated to have killed 140,000 people, and to have maimed many more, when it was dropped by the United States on Hiroshima in Japan on 6 August, 1945
CND’s general secretary Kate Hudson said Mr Corbyn’s new role was a “fitting tribute to a very principled man with a lifelong commitment to CND and the cause of nuclear disarmament”.
“Working together, with enormous support from across society, we will prevail against trident and secure a crucial step towards global disarmament,” she added.
Russell Whiting, from CND, said Mr Corbyn “stood on a clear anti-trident platform” when he was elected as Labour leader “with a massive mandate”.
“He’s challenging the consensus that has developed at Westminster around Trident,” he said.
“And that’s something we’re looking forward to taking forward with him.”
Mr Corbyn had been due to address a CND conference in London this weekend, but is now said to have other engagements.
Meanwhile, one Labour MP has raised concerns about a group that campaigned to get Mr Corbyn elected as party leader and and has now rebranded itself as Momentum.
The group promises to “organise in every town, city and village to create a mass movement”, but Mike Gapes, the Labour MP for Ilford South, has told the BBC he fears some members of the campaign have an agenda.
He said: “I hope they are just going to be a discussion organisation like Progress or the Fabian Society, but I fear some of the people behind it have another agenda which is about deselecting MPs.”
However, a spokeswoman for Momentum said such fears were a misunderstanding, and she said it was “a positive, outward looking” organisation.