China has been mobilizing fake social media accounts to spread false information online about the ongoing protests in Hong Kong, both Facebook and Twitter said Monday, prompting the Internet companies to purge China-backed accounts from their platforms.
Social media accounts originating in China and controlled by Chinese officials have been conducting a coordinated campaign to discredit and undermine pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong as criminals, terrorists and thugs, the companies said, adding that many of the accounts possed as news organizations to spread their disinformation.
Of the content shared, one post on Facebook compared protesters to Islamic State fighters while another called them “cockroach soldiers.” On Twitter, a post from an account posing as a news organization accused protesters of being either crazy or acting from ulterior motives.
“Overall, these accounts were deliberately and specifically attempting to sow political discord in Hong Kong, Including undermining the legitimacy and political positions of the protest movement on the ground,” Twitter said in a statement. “Based on our intensive investigations, we have reliable evidence to support that it is a coordinated state-backed operation.”
As evidence, Twitter said it discovered “large clusters of accounts” working in unison to amplify messages against the Hong Kong protesters. And while Twitter is banned in the Asian country, some of the malicious accounts accessed the platform by specific unblocked IP addresses in the Chinese mainland.
Twitter said it removed 936 accounts while proactively suspending “a larger, spammy network” of approximately 200,000 more, many of which were created after the company became aware of the campaign.
Facebook said it was tipped off to the campaign by Twitter and following its own internal investigation, discovered seven Pages, three Groups and five Facebook accounts in China focused on discrediting the Hong Kong protests.
Facebook said 15,500 accounts followed one or more of the discontinued pages, which are public profiles of businesses or brands, and about 2,200 accounts joined at least one of the now-discontinued groups, which are similar to community forums.
“The individuals behind this campaign engaged in a number of deceptive tactics, including the use of fake accounts … to manage Pages posing as news organizations, post in Groups, disseminate their content and also drive people to off-platform news sites,” Facebook said in a separate release. “They frequently posted about local political news and issues including topics like the ongoing protests in Hong Kong.”
Facebook said it was able to link individuals within the Chinese government to the accounts despite attempts to conceal their identities.
“We’re taking down these Pages, Groups and accounts based on their behavior, not the content they posted,” Facebook said. “As with all of these takedowns, the people behind this activity coordinated with one another and used fake accounts to misrepresent themselves, and that was the basis for the action.”
Both companies said they will continue to stay vigilant against such behavior in the future.