Almanac for Thursday, Nov. 19, 2015

Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address, Bonnie and Clyde pull off first heist … on this date in history.

President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev during their first summit meeting in Geneva, Switzerland. At left is Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze and at right, is White House Chief of Staff Donald Regan. File Photo by Larry Rubenstein/UPI | License Photo







Today is Thursday, Nov. 19, the 323rd day of 2015 with 42 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury and Saturn. Evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include English King Charles I in 1600; U.S. frontier military leader George Rogers Clark in 1752; James Abram Garfield, 20th president of the United States, in 1831; baseball player and religious revivalist Billy Sunday in 1862; explorer Hiram Bingham, discoverer of the Inca city of Machu Picchu, in 1875; bandleader Tommy Dorsey in 1905; Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1917; actors Clifton Webb in 1889, Alan Young in 1919 and Gene Tierney in 1920; baseball Hall of Fame member Roy Campanella in 1921; former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Jeane Kirkpatrick in 1926; talk show host Larry King in 1933 (age 82); business executive Jack Welch in 1935 (age 80); entertainer Dick Cavett in 1936 (age 79); entrepreneur Ted Turner in 1938 (age 77); fashion designer Calvin Klein in 1942 (age 73); actor Kathleen Quinlan in 1954 (age 61); Eileen Collins, first female space shuttle commander, television personality Ann Curry and actor Glynnis O’Connor, all in 1956 (age 59); actors Allison Janney in 1959 (age 56), Meg Ryan in 1961 (age 54), Jodie Foster in 1962 (age 53) and Terry Farrell in 1963 (age 52); Olympic gymnast Kerri Strug in 1977 (age 38); and the McCaughey septuplets of Iowa in 1997 (age 18).

On this date in history:

In 1863, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address on a Civil War battlefield in Pennsylvania.

In 1930, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow carried out the first of their series of bank robberies. The notorious gangsters would meet their end just four years later.

In 1939, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt laid the cornerstone for his presidential library at Hyde Park, N.Y.

In 1954, the first automatic toll collection machine went into service at the Union Toll Plaza on New Jersey’s Garden State Parkway.

In 1969, Apollo 12 landed on the moon. Astronauts Pete Conrad and Alan Bean become the third and fourth humans to walk the on the moon.

In 1985, President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev met for the first time in Geneva, Switzerland.

In 1995, in a close presidential runoff election in Poland, former Communist Party leader Aleksander Kwasniewski defeated incumbent Lech Walesa.

In 1997, Bobbi McCaughey gave birth to septuplets in Des Moines, Iowa, the first time seven babies had been born and survived.

In 1998, impeachment hearings against President Bill Clinton are initiated by the United States House of Representatives.

In 2002, the U.S. Senate voted overwhelmingly to create a Cabinet-level Homeland Security Department in the largest government reorganization in more than 50 years.

In 2005, Prince Albert II formally became ruler of Monaco, assuming the throne of his late father, Prince Rainier.

In 2008, data on housing and prices sent U.S. stock markets plunging. The Dow Jones industrial average fell to a six-year low, dropping 5.1 percent to 7,997.28.

In 2012, a remodeled version of a controversial 16-foot-tall bronze statue of Pope John Paul II was unveiled at Rome’s Termini Station. The statue was given a new look after complaints from the public that the original was ugly, an “eyesore” that didn’t look like John Paul, who died in 2005.

In 2013, British biochemist Frederick Sanger, a two-time Nobel Prize winner (1958 and 1980), died at the age of 95.

A thought for the day: “You can tell a lot about a fellow’s character by his way of eating jellybeans.” — Ronald Reagan


By United Press International